Tuesday 1 August 2023

The Globalisation or Interntional Stardard Education system in Japan and Papua New Guinea.

 Education Globalization:  Comparing Japan and Papua New Guinea's so-called Globalization theories and influences in the education system.  

This article will look at the influences of globalization or international standards education systems in schools within Japan and Papua New Guinea.

How are the globalization ideologies filtered into both countries' mainstream tertiary education systems?

First, let's look at the streamlining of Papua New Guinea's education system through Western and globalization ideas 

Globalization in Papua New Guinea Education.

The first interesting point to note here is colonization. Three major powers colonized Papua New Guinea. Today, these powers continue to project globalization ideas on PNG.

Let's make this the basis of our analysis.

As a Papua New Guinean going through the formal education system. Westernized ideas, theories, and the Western system has greatly influenced many of our education syllabus and subjects.

I came to realize years after completing my education. Many subjects we learned are very much adapted from Australia, the USA, the UK, and other countries. These countries once colonized us and now are still here, implementing their ideas through the education system.

Globalization organizations such as the UN,  AusAid, JICA, European Union, and others have a lot of impact on what we study and what policy we implement in our school system. 

One of my friends is working on an education project funded by the Japanese International Cooperation Agency( JICA). He told me, in the JICA-funded project; they are adapting the Japanese math syllabus for 3rd graders in Japan and are implementing it for PNG 3rd Graders. 

There is no problem in creating a template syllabus for our education by adapting syllabus and subjects from another country.

However, it back the question;  Is our education completely homegrown and truly suited to our people's learning abilities, available resources, study materials, and so on.

Allowing globalization's influence on our education system. This allows other countries to indirectly tell us;  how we should think, who we should love and hate, how we have to live our life, and so on.

We are not completely free to think and act the way we want. We are being influenced by globalization's ideas to think and act the way certain powerful countries want us to.

Japan's education and globalization/international standards idea.

Japan is a very interesting country. Prior to World War 2, Japan isolated itself from the rest of the world. Within this period of self-isolation, the Japanese build up their society through their own beliefs, cultures, and ideas. Whatever idea Japan got from the outside world, they quickly Japanized it as their own.

The Japanese education system adopted that same idea of self-isolation and development based on its own theories and ideologies.  At the same time, whatever outside ideologies they obtained,  its  Japanized.

Japan's education system never open up to foreign students until the late 1980 to 1990s. Before that, the University education system is only Japanese. 

So, I believed whatever theories and idea they learn in their university is based on their own studies and theories. Many of the world's standard theories and ideas are not taught in universities in Japan.

When I came to study in Japan, I was a bit surprised. They teach most courses based on their own theories, ideas, and research. In contrast, PNG University's courses are based on globalization ideas, theories, and research. I believed we usually refer to these as international standards-based curricula.

The point is, due to limited outside influences on the education system of Japan. People learn based on their own ideas, expressions, etc. No one or globalist is directly telling them to teach this, teach that, etc. I guess this is how the Japanese became good thinkers and innovators.

However, there is a point I like to make, because the Japanese teach their own ideas, research, and theories in their education. In my observation, it generates a very strong nationalist feeling, idea, and way of thinking among Japanese people. This has made Japanese people very reluctant to accept global changes.

It completely promotes the Japanese way of life, thinking, beliefs, and culture. In other words, it makes the Japanese to be more nationalist.

Papua New Guinea should be looking at Japan if we want to limit globalization ideas in our education and develop our very own home-ground education system.

This article is based on my own view.

 By Joshua.

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